Can vibration and strong cellulite massage help control local fat gain and cellulite? Is there evidence to back this up?
Forskolin, lipolysis, fat tissue inflammation and circulation
In a study published last week it was shown that forskolin, one of the most important lipolytic natural chemicals, also inhibits fat tissue inflammation, making it a valuable anti-obesity and anti-cellulite natural agent.
Fat tissue inflammation is the major cause of obesity's adverse health complications, so fighting fat tissue inflammation is an important step in restoring health in obese and overweight individuals.
One of the most important leg wellness actives
Previous studies have also shown that, in addition to it's widely recognised slimming properties, and the newly discovered anti-inflammatory action, forskolin also boosts local circulation, thereby helping maintain leg wellness and fight cellulite in three fronts: fat tissue inflammation, fat reduction and circulation enhancement.
Forskolin works best topically and in combination with caffeine, raspberry ketone and other natural phytochemicals as actives in a high concentration leg wellness cream formulation.
- Paper: Forskolin Inhibits Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Modulation of MCP-1 and GPR120 in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes through an Inhibition of NFκB.
- Abstract: In an obese state, Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR-4) upregulates proinflammatory adipokines secretion including monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) in adipose tissue. In contrast, G-protein coupled receptor 120 (GPR120) mediates antiobesity effects. The aim of this study was to determine the signaling pathway by which Forskolin (FK), a cyclic adenosine monophosphate- (cAMP-) promoting agent causing positive changes in body composition in overweight and obese adult men, affects MCP-1 and GPR120 expression during an inflammatory response induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in adipocytes, such as in an obese state. 3T3-L1 cells differentiated into adipocytes (DC) were stimulated with LPS in the absence or presence of FK and inhibitors of TLR-4 and inhibitor of kappa B (IκBα). In DC, LPS increased MCP-1, TLR-4, and nuclear factor-κB1 (NFκB1) mRNA levels, whereas it decreased GPR120 mRNA levels. In DC, FK inhibited the LPS-induced increase in MCP-1, TLR-4, and NFκB1 mRNA levels and the LPS-induced decrease in GPR120 mRNA. BAY11-7082 and CLI-095 abolished these LPS-induced effects. In conclusion, FK inhibits LPS-induced increase in MCP-1 mRNA levels and decrease in GPR120 mRNA levels in adipocytes and may be a potential treatment for inflammation in obesity. Furthermore, TLR-4-induced activation of NFκB may be involved in the LPS-induced regulation of these genes.
- Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/27881903/
Cocoa, arterial health, anti-ageing and microcirculation
One of the most important and best researched health properties of cocoa / cacao is it's reduction of arterial stiffness. Arterial stiffness is an important risk factor of cardiovascular health disease.
In this new 12-week study on postmenopausal women published last month it was found that consuming a cocoa drink containing 40mg of flavanols per day, or 80mg every second day, significantly improved artery elasticity. The improvement was similar in both groups (daily and alternate day consumption).
Typical cocoa products found on supermarkets do contain the 40mg used for the study, while special high antioxidant cocoa products can contain more than 250mg per service, which do have even more pronounced results, not only in arterial stiffness improvement but also in micro-circulation, anti-ageing and connective tissue protection.
For all these reasons, high flavanol cocoa is also an important active in anti-ageing and quality leg wellness creams.
- Paper: Habitual cocoa intake reduces arterial stiffness in postmenopausal women regardless of intake frequency: a randomized parallel-group study.
- Abstract: Arterial stiffness is substantially higher in postmenopausal than in premenopausal women. Daily cocoa intake has been shown to reduce central arterial stiffness in health adults, regardless of age; however, the effect of cocoa-intake frequency on arterial stiffness in postmenopausal women remains unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of cocoa-intake frequency on arterial stiffness in postmenopausal women. A total of 26 postmenopausal women (mean age ± standard deviation 64±12 years) were randomly assigned to two groups with different cocoa-intake frequencies: one group ingested 17 g of cocoa once daily except on Sundays (every-day group, n=13), and the other ingested 17 g of cocoa twice daily every other day (every-other-day group, n=13). These intake regimens were maintained in both groups for 12 weeks. Carotid-femoral pulse-wave velocity and femoral-ankle pulse-wave velocity were measured in both groups at baseline and again at the end of the 12-week study period. Compared to baseline, both pulse-wave velocities had significantly decreased after the 12-week study period in both groups (P<0.05). However, no significant difference in degree of change was observed between the two groups. Although this study did not include a sedentary control group, these results suggest that regardless of frequency, habitual cocoa intake reduces central and peripheral arterial stiffness in postmenopausal women.
- Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27881914/
Why is post-lipo aftercare is needed
Like all surgery, some aftercare treatments are essential after all types of liposuction, even if liposuction is performed by a very skilled surgeon. This is because pain and swelling always follow any intrusive procedure. The following side effects typically occur:
- Loose skin (with plain lipo)
- Excessive hardening of the skin (with vaser / smart lipo / bodytite)
- Scar tissue formation / bumps (with all procedures)
- Lumps of fat left unremoved (with all procedures)
- Skin adhesion onto the underlying tissue, which leads to movement restriction (with all procedures, but especially so with vaser / smart lipo / bodytite)
Post-lipo aftercare treatment timeline
The recommended treatments differ depending on the timeline after surgery. Here is a short list:
- Day 3-20: Focusing on pain, swelling and tissue healing. During the first 2-3 weeks post-lipo aftercare treatments are very gentle and aim to minimise pain and swelling and prevent excessive scar tissue from forming. Mild lymphatic drainage massage by hand or with special lymphatic drainage equipment is needed in the first few days after any liposuction surgery. A firmer massage - but not too strong - must be applied from the second week onwards.
- Day 21+: Focusing on scar tissue breakdown and cellulite reduction. From the third week onwards treatment can become progressively more vigorous: stronger lymphatic stimulation massage is preferred to the "fluffy" MLD variety used the first three weeks. In addition to reducing water retention, stronger massage also helps with the breakdown of scar tissue / hard bumps that typically form after lipo surgery, reduce fatty lumps and reduce cellulite (which liposuction does NOT remove), uncouple skin stuck on underlying tissue and increase range of movement.
- Day 60+: After about 8 weeks you can start having a strong radiofrequency treatment to more effectively break down leftover fat and cellulite and tighten up the skin.
A good, multi-ingredient cellulite cream can help enormously
A good anti-cellulite cream, i.e. a cream that contains anti-inflammatory, circulation/lymph drainage-enhancing and lipolytic ingredients, should offer valuable with recovery as well as with cellulite and residual fat removal, and it can be applied throughout the different stages of recovery.
Cream application can start immediately, as long as contact with the portals (cannula insertion points) is avoided while the wounds are still open.
- Most people are asymmetrical for various reasons and in many women cellulite, water retention and deep fat levels are worse on one leg than the other. Usually the right side is worse in most women.
- The explanation is simple: most people tend to stand putting more pressure on one leg or cross their legs, compressing one leg more than the other.
- As a result, venous return and lymphatic drainage is hindered on that leg, which means reduced removal of water, waste products and fatty acids from the fat tissues of that specific leg. This leads to more cellulite, water retention and fat.
- To make matters worse, fat can still enter the fat tissues, as arterial flow is much stronger than venous return and lymph drainage.
- Any other cause of poor lymphatic or venous function on one leg, apart from compressing the leg by crossing it or by putting pressure on it while standing, can also lead to more pronounced cellulite on that leg.
- The solution to this problem is simple: prevent cellulite by being very active and by not supporting yourself on one specific side / crossing your legs. And have a course of intensive cellulite treatments, with most of the treatment time spent on the more affected leg than the other.
- Cellulite creams act more slowly (but then again they are more economical than treatments), so it does not make sense to apply just to the "worse" leg. So use a concentrated cellulite cream on both legs, and when you are happy with the results on the "good" leg, continue with applying the cream only on the more affected leg.