Why superficial cooling is essential for an effective skin tightening / cellulite reduction treatment with radiofrequency

  • With radiofrequency treatment, a cooling mechanism is important to avoid discomfort and to allow effective treatment on the deeper layers of the skin
  • Monopolar radiofrequency is the most powerful technology for skin firming and cellulite removal. However, there are many different type of radiofrequency and it's effectiveness depends on multiple factors, with superficial cooling being one of them.
  • Radiofrequency treatment primarily works by intensively heating the deeper layers of the skin. This intensive deep heat causes the collagen proteins to contract, leading to an immediate and impressive tightening of the skin with a consequent lifting effect. Furthermore, fibroblasts, the cells that produce collagen and elastin, are stimulated to increase their production of these proteins. More elastin and collagen means more skin tightness and elasticity. Finally, RF stimulates the cellulite fat cells (which are also located in the deeper layers of the skin, i.e. the subdermis) to release fat and undergo apoptosis (early cell death).
  • However, heating the subdermis without a cooling mechanism, also results in significant heating of the epidermis, which causes patient discomfort and does not allow treatment to be sustained for long enough periods of time and it also does not allow high power settings to be used. As a result, low power settings have to be used and treatment technique has to be altered, both of which lead to reduced therapeutic response, effectiveness and efficiency.
  • Cooling, on the other hand, maintains client comfort and facilitates the application of treatment at high enough power settings, for longer time and helps provide maximum therapeutic benefit.