Curcumin: the natural anti-inflammatory from turmeric now shows to reduce allergic rhinitis symptoms
Previous studies have found that "curcumin exerts anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects and clinical benefits in cancer and asthma".
In this recently published randomized, double-blind study, 241 patients with hayfever received either placebo or oral curcumin for 2 months and the study showed that curcumin improved hayfever symptoms (sneezing, drippy nose and nasal congestion( by reducing airflow resistance through the nasal passages.
Curcumin achieved that by reducing swelling of the nose mucous membranes, due to reduced histamine production / inflammation, which in turn was due to curcumin's diverse immunomodulatory (immune balancing) effects.
Specifically, curcumin suppressed the inflammatory proteins IL-4, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF alpha) and increased production of the immunomodulatory protein IL-10 and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule.
As a conclusion, the study authors note that "this pilot study provides the first evidence of the capability of curcumin of improving nasal airflow and modulating immune response in patients with allergic rhinitis".
- Paper: Effect of curcumin on nasal symptoms and airflow in patients with perennial allergic rhinitis
- Abstract: BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common disorder that can significantly affect patient quality of life. Previous studies have found that curcumin had anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects and clinical benefits in cancer and asthma. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of curcumin in the treatment of AR and to explore the molecular mechanisms involved. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind study, 241 patients with AR received either placebo or oral curcumin for 2 months. The therapeutic effects of curcumin were evaluated by nasal symptoms and nasal airflow resistance. In addition, the production of interferon γ, interleukin (IL) 4, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor α from mononuclear cells and IL-8, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule, polyethylene glycol 2, and leukotriene C4 from polymorphonuclear neutrophils were compared before and after curcumin treatment. RESULTS: Curcumin alleviated nasal symptoms (sneezing and rhinorrhea) and nasal congestion through reduction of nasal airflow resistance. Curcumin was found to exert diverse immunomodulatory effects, including suppression of IL-4, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor α and increased production of IL-10 and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule. However, curcumin did not affect the release of prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene C4 from polymorphonuclear neutrophils. CONCLUSION: This pilot study provides the first evidence of the capability of curcumin of improving nasal airflow and modulating immune response in patients with AR.
- Link: http://www.annallergy.org/article/S1081-1206(16)31054-7/abstract