Cocoa flavanols and your skin
Antioxidant protection, microcirculation, collagen production, cellulite
Polyphenols from the cocoa bean (Theobroma cacao) have been widely researched for decades and have been found in numerous studies to fight free radical damage (antioxidant), protect collagen and boost circulation and thereby fight water retention and ageing.
Cocoa flavanol creams
For all these reasons, cocoa polyphenols / flavanols are of great importance as an active ingredient in anti-cellulite, leg wellness, skin firming and under-eye creams [the Celluence® cellulite creams are the only creams in the world to contain 95% pure, high quality cocoa flavanols in a patented, enhanced skin absorption form, plus another 39 natural anti-cellulite actives].
Cocoa flavanols: The science
Cocoa polyphenols fight inflammation by switching macrophages...
...from pro-inflammatory to anti-inflammatory function, thereby "significantly lowering the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines" (macrophages function as control switches of the immune system, maintaining the balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory activities)
[Source: Effect of Cocoa Polyphenolic Extract on Macrophage Polarization from Proinflammatory M1 to Anti-Inflammatory M2 State]
Cocoa fights adipose tissue inflammation...
...by reducing the levels of several inflammation-related markers in fat tissue, including TNF-alpha, iNOS, arachidonic acid, adipose-specific phospholipase A2 and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and plasma endotoxin by up to 60%
[Source: Dietary cocoa reduces metabolic endotoxemia and adipose tissue inflammation in high-fat fed mice]